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China is a country in East Asia, with a population of 1.3 billion which is the most in the world. Sizewise, it is slightly smaller than the United States. The capital of China is Beijing.
It is a country of rich cultural heritage with considerable contrasts and attractions. Visiting China provides a very rich and fulfilling experiencing to the visitor.
China is a communist state, and political control remains tight, however economic control is becoming more relaxed. In most first tier cities (e.g. shanghai, beijing), you would find that these places are very cosmopolitian and is probably not any more restrictive than a other countries (say new york).
In recent years, china is the fastest growing economy in the world.
There are several ways to get to China, depending on where you are going and where you are coming from. Major airlines fly to Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong, however the can be expensive and often times full. Getting in by train is an option, also depending on where you are coming from. Note that it is illegal for foreigners to drive in China without a Chinese license, but you might be able to rent a driver.
The primary language spoken in china is mandarin (pu tong hua).
While the majority of population couldn't speak english, the younger educated population (esp in the 1st and 2nd tier cities) are able to read/write some english and speak some conversational english. It would thus help when travelling in china to get assistance from the younger educated generation if you can't speak mandarin.