Uttar Pradesh is a state in the northern portion of India, sharing a border with Nepal. Its capital is Lucknow. The word "Uttar" means north, and it makes perfect sense, being that it is directly north of Madhya Pradesh, which itself means "Central Province".
With upwards of 175 million people, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India, and the fifth largest. In fact, there are only five countries in the world with a higher population than the state, including China, the US, Indonesia, Brazil, and its home country of India.
Uttar Pradesh is a place of much historical importance for religion, with the sacred river of Hinduism, the Ganges, flowing through part of the state. In the city of Agra is the world famous Taj Mahal.
Much of Uttar Pradesh consists of large, flat plains, formed by the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, which are susceptible to flooding during the monsoon season. The north and northwestern portion of the state however run into the foothills of the Himalayas.